Tensions between ethnic groups rooted in allocation of in communal violence since nigeria returned to civilian rule in 1999 (hrw, a deadly cycle: ethno. In view of the perennial religious tensions between the two dominant religious groups in nigeria, there is a sustained culture of mutual suspicion and unhealthy rivalry between them. Of ethno-religion based conflicts are credited to the fourth republic of nigeria the fact that there is a recent increase in the number of ethno-religious conflicts in the country makes it a. This article examines the explosion of violent ethno-religious and communal conﬂicts in nigeria, contrary to the widespread expectation that the inauguration of the civilian administration would usher in democratic stability.
Conflicts as a result of ethno-religious tensions are not new in nigeria, but the unending occurrence makes it an issue that requires urgent attention if nigeria is to remain integrated as a nation ideally the spirit of federation, patriotism and nationalism is expected to override all ethnic, tribal or religious affiliation of nigerians. Political and electoral violence in nigeria: mapping, pre-existing ethno-religious tensions, just as in the north- in northern nigeria was found to have an. The interest of this paper to bridge ethnic and religious tension in nigeria by stimulating greater self-consciousness of the nation's unity in diversity using paul's religious principle of unity in christ as upheld in gal3:26-29.
Religion and the making of nigeria is a refreshing and seminal piece of work and achievement its implications extend beyond nigeria, and enjoin us as scholars of sub-sahara african states and societies to critically examine and interrogate the dialectical processes and relations between pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial states and societies in the continent. Ethno religious crisis in nigeria: causes and remedy by muhammad gambo isgogo hassan adamu makuku umar hamidu aliyu abstract introduction nigeria is no doubt a populous nation of over 88 million (1991 population census) but as at now nigeria's population is estimated to be above 120 million people of diverse ethnic groups and many religions. Subsequently, religion became a major topic of national political debates, with each religious community pushing increasingly adversarial agendas in northern nigeria, clashes between muslim groups—mainly ethnic hausa and fulani—and christian and traditionalist communities have become a monthly affair, with devastating consequences.
Religious and ethnic nationalism has led to conflicts about control of state power, unequal allocation of resources, citizenship issues, state collapse, economic decline and ethno-religious clashes nigeria has been pushed hither and thither by recurrent crises of regional or state illegitimacy, often impairing efforts at economic transformation, democratisation, national cohesion and stability (osaghae and suberu 2005:4. Democracy and ethno-religious conflicts:a paradox of national integration the mere existence of different ethnic groups or diverse political worldview in one society does not automatically produce tension or conflict. In his book, the killing fields: [religious violence in northern nigeria], shehu sani enumerates a plurality of the causes of ethno-religious, political and social conflicts, such as indigene-settler syndrome, unemployment and poverty, marginalization, process of the creation of foci of power allocation, rise of ethnic militias.
For religious extremism in nigeria nigeria is particularly important because it is the most populated country in sub- saharan africa and it is where both christianity and islam, the world's two largest religions, converge. Religious violence erupted with muslim protest demonstration on 10 may 2004 against the killing of several hundred muslims in the small town of yelwa in plateau state in central nigeria on 02 may. Ethno-religious conflicts in nigeria have continued because nigerian elites are corrupt and split along lines of religion and ethnicity this has resulted in ethnic rivalry, suspicion and hostility among leaders. This article explores the rhetoric and realities of managing ethno-religious conflicts in nigeria with an emphasis on the nature of the conflicts, the protagonists and the management mechanisms employed in that country. • centre for ethno-religious and peace studies, federal university wukari, taraba state, nigeria • centre for peace and development studies, benue state university, nigeria • centre for peace and strategic studies, university of ilorin, nigeria.
Nigeria has in recent years seen a rise in other ethno-religious conflicts, particularly deadly clashes between muslim herders and christian farmers, partly over land use, in the region known as. According to ibrahim (2000:69), ethno-religious and communal conflicts in nigeria, are linked to citizenship within the context of identity, which is rooted in the politics of inclusion or exclusion. Ambassador brownback, who met with a group of religious leaders during his visit to nigeria, commended increased inter-faith engagement and dialogue in nigeria, but noted that the country can do. Jonah jang and the jasawa: ethno-religious conflict in jos, nigeria 3 fighting back against other hausa settler incursions as well in some places they also fight indigene vs settler battles amongst themselves over control of particular localities.
The envoy, who had met with a group of religious leaders during a recent visit to nigeria in june, commended increased inter-faith engagement and dialogue in the country, but stressed that the. This essay studies the indigene-settler tensions in jos, the capital of plateau state, which twice now, most recently in november 2008, have erupted into violent clashes claiming many hundreds of lives.
The religious landscape in nigeria is not organized along ethnic lines as such, re-division into ethnic regions will not solve the problem of persecution not one of the resultant divisions will be free from either the religious or the ethnic plurality in a nation of over four hundred cultures. Nigeria's political history is replete with unresolved and unsettling ethno-religious fracas and largely impotent panels to determine their causes with a view of preventing future occurrence when conflicts have not occurred, or have somehow abated associated tensions have remained. When i visited nigeria in june, i met with communities from all different faiths located all over the country and heard about how interfaith groups and people from every religion have come.